GHI 2016 - Africa Edition
Adaptation of the Global Hunger Index for Africa
The Africa Edition of the Global Hunger Index measures hunger in the countries of Africa and is an adaptation of the Global Hunger Index (GHI), which measures hunger throughout the developing world.
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has calculated GHI scores each year since 2006 to assess progress, or the lack thereof, in combating hunger. The GHI Africa Edition, published for the first time in 2016, consists of the data, scores, and analysis from the GHI that are relevant to Africa, along with additional content. The methodology and data sources used for the Africa Edition are the same as those for the GHI and are described below.
To capture the multidimensional nature of hunger, GHI scores are based on the following four indicators:
- UNDERNOURISHMENT: the proportion of undernourished people as a percentage of the population (reflecting the share of the population with insufficient caloric intake);
- CHILD WASTING: the proportion of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition);
- CHILD STUNTING: the proportion of children under the age of five who are stunted (that is, have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition); and
- CHILD MORTALITY: the mortality rate of children under the age of five (partially reflecting the fatal synergy of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).
There are several advantages to measuring hunger using this combination of factors. This method reflects the nutrition situation not only of the population as a whole, but also of children—a particularly vulnerable subset of the population for whom a lack of dietary energy, protein, or micronutrients (essential vitamins and minerals) leads to a high risk of illness, poor physical and cognitive development, or death. The inclusion of both child wasting and child stunting allows the GHI to reflect both acute and chronic undernutrition.
The 2016 GHI Africa Edition has been calculated for 42 countries in Africa for which data on all four component indicators are available and where measuring hunger is considered most relevant.
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