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(25/10/2016) The Iraqi military have started their offensive in Mosul. Together with Kurdish and other forces, the military want to retake the city from IS. According to the Iraqi army, the operation could take two months. Around 4,000 people have fled according to the UNHCR, however the fights could force up to 1,5 million people to leave the city. In project areas north of Mosul, Welthungerhilfe is preparing for a large flow of IDP. Emergency aid measures will include the distribution of tarpaulins, food, water and sanitary items.
Fleeing from war and poverty
Iraq has once again become a country at war. Since August 2014, the Islamic State (IS) has advanced in the northwest of the country and driven 3.3 million people, mostly Yazidis and Christians, out of their homes. Many of them were given shelter by host families. Others live in camps, backyards or in basements. The burden weighs heavy on the population – donate now to help!
Those who are fleeing suffer from a lack of food, drinking water, hygiene, medical treatment, clothing and blankets. They need education and work. Should the refugees return, they would first have to rebuild all of the destroyed infrastructure such as the energy supply, schools and roads. But many humanitarian aid measures are lacking financing. The tasks at hand are extremely difficult.
Helping in Iraq: What we do
Emergency shelter for refugees in Iraq
A lot of the refugee camps in Iraq are located in the northern region, near the town Mahad which is 30 kilometers away from the IS warfront. Just like the refugee camp Mam Rashan that turned into a container-town since the first attacks of the IS on Yazidi people. Refugees arrive daily. In August alone we provided around 296 habitable containers for 200 families.
In the province of Dohuk we secured makeshift lodging for the winter together with local partners. Around 1,800 families moved into 400 apartment buildings and single-family homes that were equipped with windows, doors, toilets and showers.
Food and Water for Iraq’s refugees
In many refugee camps, e.g. the hopelessly overcrowded Bajid Kandala, Welthungerhilfe supports refugees and displaced people with food packages, drinking water and other basic commodities. A food package that includes rice, sugar, tea, salt, pasta, lentils, beans and tomato paste can feed a family of five for thirty days. However, the demand is rising with the increasing number of people seeking protection.
In places where a great number of people seek shelter, the water and waste pipelines do not suffice. Some sewage pipes were already decaying or have been destroyed in the wake of the war. We are working to rebuild water supply and sanitary facilities in the provinces of Dohuk, Erbil, Sulimaniya and the inaccessible regions of Ninewa.
Education and hope for Iraq's young refugees
We try to create social unity and solidarity in the different population groups. Families that give shelter to refugees are rewarded by our projects.
We want to enable children to attend school again in Dohuk, Erbil, Sulimaniya and the inaccessible regions of Ninewa. We are working to restructure schools and provide education programmes with all accessible means, to give the youngest hope for a brighter future.
The measures in Iraq are coordinated together with the Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO). On a local level, Welthungerhilfe works with ACTED's national partner organisation, the Turkish AFAD and the administration of the Dohuk and Erbil provinces. The emergency aid is being funded by the German Federal Foreign Office (AA).
For the reconstruction and restoration of infrastructure Welthungerhilfe works closely with the Danish Refugee Council (DRC). A project to reconstruct the destroyed infrastructure around the Sindjar mountains is currently being planned in cooperation with 'Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit' (GIZ).