+++ Drought and aridity due to El Niño +++ In Uganda, hunger and malnutrition are a threat. The region of Karamoja is particularly badly affected.
The violent conflict between the "Lord's Resistance Army" and the Ugandan army raged for more than 20 years. Nearly two million people fled their villages – and spent years living in refugee camps in their own country for fear of attacks. Since the ceasefire was signed in 2006, the people have been returning to their homes. Former inhabitants also have been returning to Ogur, one of Welthungerhilfe's Millennium Villages, together with their children.
The young generation setting down roots here has no experience of farming. This is life-threatening, as the people in Uganda live from their own produce.
Welthungerhilfe teaches farmers how to effectively cultivate their fields and sell their harvests for a profit. In addition, the farmers receive teams of oxen from Welthungerhilfe. The use of these animals helps to significantly reduce the amount of time required for ploughing. The farmers have formed committees to ensure that they can store their crops securely, process them quickly and sell the produce.
Reconstruction is going ahead
Welthungerhilfe is also helping villagers set up savings clubs. Village women have been given training and credit so they can set up a small business to generate their own income.
Inhabitants are also working to rebuild Ogur: They are repairing roads, bridges and schools, and are paid by Welthungerhilfe for this work. The roads allow traders to take their products to the nearest market more quickly. Dirty drinking water and the resulting illnesses represent one of the biggest problems facing the inhabitants of Ogur. With that in mind, dilapidated wells have been rebuilt.
Clean water from the new wells
The clean water from the new wells has reduced the health risks whilst shortening the routes that women and children must take to collect water, enabling them to focus on other activities.
In the Millenium Declartion of 2000 189 countries committed themselves to eight targets intended to ensure more global justice by 2015. Welthungerhilfe has also taken up this challenge, starting the Millenium Villages initiative in 2006. This gives the local population a voice and makes progress measurable. The focus is on the principle, "helping to help themselves". Village communities specify their problems, prepare solution pathways and implement these.
The aid measures are financially supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Better water supply, new farming methods, a saving group and gender equality – the people of Ogur are proud of what they have achieved.
Smallholder farmers from Kenya and Uganda are crossing borders to learn from each other. A win-win for all!