Ethiopia is three times the size of Germany and has a population of approximately 77 million. Eighty-five percent of the country's inhabitants live in rural areas. Only every sixth person has access to clean drinking water.
The situation is even worse when it comes to the availability of sanitary facilities: only six percent of the population have such facilities. Sixty percent of all illnesses and 15 percent of deaths are caused by this deficiency. Children under five, women and older people are most affected.
Basic knowledge about hygiene
Together with local communities and a partner, the Organisation for Rehabilitation and Development in Amhara (ORDA), Welthungerhilfe is supporting the construction of wells, well shafts, sanitary facilities, small irrigation systems and reforestation areas in five districts of the Amhara region.
Basic knowledge of hygiene and health is communicated as part of training and continuing education programmes. These measures guarantee that water remains clean until used and that it is used effectively. The objective of this project is to supply 450,000 people in rural areas with drinking water and sanitary facilities by the end of 2012.
Welthungerhilfe and ORDA also are including the communities as active partners in the planning and implementation of these measures. All players work closely together in the purchase and transport of the material, the preparation and inspection of building measures as well as the documentation of the effects of the project in the villages.
This is designed to create a stronger sense of responsibility on the part of the population with respect to the repair and maintenance of water and sanitary facilities.
The aid measures are financially supported by EuropeAid.