The WorldRiskReport 2014 calculates the probability of becoming a victim of a natural disaster - as a result of an extreme natural phenomenon - for 171 countries. This year's WorldRiskReport takes a closer look at the connection between urbanisation and food security.
Keeping an eye on disaster risks
Hundreds of millions of people around the world are vulnerable to natural hazards. But where can droughts, hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and rising sea levels turn into real disasters? The year 2014 was the first year in which the risk potential could be analysed separately for urban areas in 140 countries.
The 2014 WorldRiskReport calculates the probability of becoming a victim of a natural disaster - as a result of an extreme natural phenomenon - for 171 countries. According to the report, cities in Costa Rica, the Philippines, Chile, Japan and Jamaica are most at risk. A high level of risk always applies if a region is located in a natural hazard zone and is also accompanied by societal factors that can lead to high vulnerability, e.g. lack of good infrastructure or sophisticated emergency warning system.
Focus area: Urbanisation and food security
This year's WorldRiskReport takes a closer look at the connection between urbanisation and food security.
Population growth in the world’s urban areas and periphery regions, which is often accompanied by the presence of new slums, can result in enormous increases in the demand for food. The regional agricultural industry has the mammoth task of becoming not only more sustainable but also more productive. For example, a Nigerian city with four million people will require 3,000 tonnes of food a day. It means that two trucks loaded with three tonnes each have to drive to the city every three minutes. This can only be achieved with visionary urban planning. But it is precisely cities in developing and emergency countries that do not have the resources that are needed for this purpose.
Urban gardening in Liberia: From necessity to trendsetter
During the country's civil war from 1989 to 2003, many farmers from rural war regions fled to the capital city of Monrovia because it was considered relatively secure. But since these new urbanites did not have enough purchasing power to buy locally, they grew food anywhere they could – which turned out to be an excellent idea.
Welthungerhilfe is still assisting them with work implements and seed, and advises them with regard to soil cultivation and irrigation. The municipal government has recognised the importance of visionary urban planning. It is designating acceptable areas for Urban Gardening status, and thus not only counteracts the formation of slums, but also makes a contribution to survival.
Alliance Development Works, formed of the relief organisations Brot für die Welt, Christoffel-Blindenmission, Kindernothilfe, medico international, Misereor, terre des hommes and Welthungerhilfe, provides disaster and emergency aid in areas of conflict.