In Brief 24
The year 2008, when the governments of developed and developing countries agreed on the Accra Agenda for Action for improved aid effectiveness, seems worlds away from 2011, when this agenda is to be reviewed in the South Korean city of Busan: New geopolitical power relations, the impacts of global economic, financial and bank crises, climate change, demographic development, lack of global political leadership, shifts in the geography of poverty and wealth, the emergence of national and global oligarchies – these factors require new approaches on the part of official development aid, which in recent years has come under increasing pressure to prove itself. This pressure was due in part to the gap between high demands for development aid and poor implementation of development goals. But it can also be attributed to the emergence of new, financially sound donors such as India, China and Brazil, and major foundations that donate funds without making political demands. Of course: Climate change and demographic development existed before the conferences in 2005 and 2008 – but pressure has increased. The first donor reactions to the announced new approach followed Paris in 2005; then came Accra in 2008; and now there will be a meeting in the South Korean city of Busan from November 29 – Dec. 1, for taking stock of interim developments but primarily for considering new paradigms and a new global architecture of development cooperation with new players. The so-called Fourth High Level Forum will be preceded by a two-day conference of civil society organizations. The result of the High Level Forum will be the Busan Outcome Document – probably more a declaration of principles than an action plan.