In Brief No. 35 - South Sudan
In May 2014, South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and former Vice-President Riek Machar, who is now the leader of the opposition, signed a peace agreement – for the second time this year. Among the provisions of the agreement are an end to hostilities, the formation of a transitional government and early new elections. Within next to no time, the violence that had erupted in South Sudan’s capital in late 2013 turned the country into a political, economic and humanitarian disaster. Well over a million people have been displaced by hostile action, while just below 300,000 refugees have left South Sudan. Around five million people – almost half of the population – now have to rely on humanitarian aid. The present supply situation is catastrophic and threatens to worsen as the rainy season sets in.