Nature cannot be controlled. Humans can only influence to a limited degree whether, and with what intensity, natural events are to occur. But they can take precautions to help prevent a natural event from becoming a disaster. It is this vulnerability of a society that forms the basis for the WorldRiskIndex, which calculates the disaster risk for 171 countries by multiplying vulnerability with exposure to natural hazards. The WorldRiskIndex is the core of the WorldRiskReport, which is released annually by Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (BEH).
The WorldRiskReport is based on 4 key questions:
- How likely is an extreme natural event and will it affect people?
- How vulnerable are people as a result of a country to natural hazards?
- To what extend can societies cope with acute disasters?
- Is the society taking precautionary measures against natural hazards expected in the future?
Regions with the highest risk are Oceania, Southeast Asia, Central America and the southern Sahel region.
The concept of WorldRiskReport:
Whether it be an earthquake or a tsunami, a cyclone or floods, the risk of a natural event turning into a disaster always depends only partly on the force of the natural event itself. The living conditions of the people in the regions affected and the options available to respond quickly and to provide assistance are just as significant.
Those who are prepared, who know what to do in the event of an extreme natural event, have a greater chance of survival. Countries that see natural hazards coming, that are preparing for the consequences of climate change and are providing the financial means required will be better prepared for the future. The WorldRiskReport contributes to an overall approach of looking at these links on a global level and drawing forward-looking conclusions regarding assistance measures, policies and reporting.